(a) Platinum, gold and silver are used to make jewellery.
(b) Sodium, potassium and lithium are stored under oil.
(c) Aluminium is a highly reactive metal, yet it is used to make utensils for cooking.
(d) Carbonate and sulphide ores are usually converted into oxides during the process of extraction.
(a) Platinum gold and silver are used to make jewellery as these metals are very less reactive hence they are not affected by air, water or most chemicals. These metals have a lot of lustre, and they are malleable and ductile in nature and also high corrosion resistance in nature.
(b) Sodium, potassium and lithium readily react with water to produce a lot of heat. As a result, Hydrogen evolved in the reaction results in fire. On exposure to water they react with moisture (water droplets) present in the atmosphere, in order to prevent contact with water, hence these metals are stored under oil.
(c) Aluminium forms on its surface a non-reactive surface of aluminium oxide. Such coating prevents other compounds from reacting to aluminium. So aluminium is being used to produce utensils for cooking.
(d) Reducing metal oxide into free metal is easy. Additionally, because it is easier to obtain metals directly from their oxides than from their carbonates or sulphides, the carbonate and sulphide ores are first transformed to oxides to obtain the metals.Answered by Shivani Kumari | 2 years ago
A man went door to door posing as a goldsmith. He promised to bring back the glitter of old and dull gold ornaments. An unsuspecting lady gave a set of gold bangles to him which he dipped in a particular solution. The bangles sparkled like new but their weight was reduced drastically. The lady was upset but after a futile argument the man beat a hasty retreat. Can you play the detective to find out the nature of the solution he had used?