Let A (4, 2), B (6, 5) and C (1, 4) be the vertices of ∆ ABC.

(i) The median from A meets BC at D. Find the coordinates of point D.

(ii) Find the coordinates of the point P on AD such that AP : PD = 2 : 1.

(iii) Find the coordinates of point Q and R on medians BE and CF respectively such that BQ : QE = 2:1 and CR : RF = 2 : 1.

(iv) What do you observe?

[Note: The point which is common to all the three medians is called the centroid

and this point divides each median in the ratio 2 : 1.]

(v) If A (x1, y1), B (x2, y2) and C (x3, y3) are the vertices of triangle ABC, find the coordinates of the centroid of the triangle.

Asked by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago |  138

1 Answer

Solution :-

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 7-32

(i) Coordinates of D can be calculated as follows:

Coordinates of D = \( \dfrac{ (6+1)}{2},\dfrac{(5+4)}{2}\) = (\( \dfrac{7}{2}\), \( \dfrac{9}{2}\))

So, D is (\( \dfrac{7}{2}\), \( \dfrac{9}{2}\))

 

(ii) Coordinates of P can be calculated as follows:

Coordinates of P = 

\( 2\dfrac{7}{2}+\dfrac{1(4)}{(2+1)},2\dfrac{9}{2}+\dfrac{ 1(2)}{(2 + 1)}= \dfrac{11}{3}, \dfrac{11}{3}\)

= (\( \dfrac{11}{3}\), \( \dfrac{11}{3}\))

So, P is (\( \dfrac{11}{3}\), \( \dfrac{11}{3}\))

 

(iii) Coordinates of E can be calculated as follows:

Coordinates of E = \( \dfrac{(4+1)}{2}\)\( \dfrac{(2+4)}{2}\)

= (\( \dfrac{5}{2}\), \( \dfrac{6}{2}\)) = (\( \dfrac{5}{2}\) , 3)

So, E is (\(\dfrac{5}{2}\) , 3)

Point Q and P would be coincident because medians of a triangle intersect each 

other at a common point called centroid. Coordinate of Q can be given as follows:

Coordinates of Q = \( 2\dfrac{5}{2}+\dfrac{1(6)}{(2 + 1)}\)

2(3) +\( \dfrac{ 1(5)}{(2 + 1) }\)+  = (\( \dfrac{11}{3}\),\( \dfrac{11}{3}\))

F is the mid- point of the side AB

Coordinates of F = \( \dfrac{(4+6)}{2},\dfrac{ (2+5)}{2}=5,\dfrac{7}{2}\)

Point R divides the side CF in ratio 2:1

Coordinates of R = \( \dfrac{2(5) + 1(1)}{(2 + 1)}\)

\( 2\dfrac{7}{2}+\dfrac{1(4)}{(2 + 1)}\) = (\( \dfrac{11}{3}\), \( \dfrac{11}{3}\))

 

(iv) Coordinates of P, Q and R are same which shows that medians intersect 

each other at a common point, i.e. centroid of the triangle.

 

(v) If A (x1, y1), B (x2, y2) and C (x3, y3) are the vertices of triangle ABC, 

the coordinates of centroid can be given as follows:

x = \( \dfrac{(x_1 + x_2 + x_3)}{3}\) and y =\( \dfrac{ (y_1 + y_2 + y_3)}{3}\)

Answered by Abhisek | 1 year ago

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