Let the resistance of an electrical component remain constant while the potential difference across the two ends of the component decreases to half of its former value. What change will occur in the current through it?

Asked by Vishal kumar | 2 years ago |  217

1 Answer

Solution :-

The change in the current flowing through the electrical component can be determined by Ohm’s Law.

According to Ohm’s Law, the current is given by

I = V/R

Now, the potential difference is reduced to half, keeping the resistance constant,

Let the new voltage be V’ = V/2

Let the new resistance be R’ = R and the new amount of current be I’.

The change in the current can be determined using Ohm’s law as follows:

\( I'=\frac{V'}{R'}=\frac{(\frac{V}2){}}R{}=\frac{1V}{2R}=\frac{1}{2}\)


Therefore, the current flowing in the electrical component is reduced by half.

Answered by Shivani Kumari | 2 years ago

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