Molar volume is the volume occupied by 1 mol of any (ideal) gas at standard temperature and pressure (STP: 1 atmospheric pressure, 0°C). Show that it is 22.4 litres

Asked by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago |  98

1 Answer

Solution :-

The ideal gas equation relating pressure (P), volume (V), and absolute temperature (T) is given as:

PV = nRT

Where, R is the universal gas constant = 8.314 J mol-1K-1

n = Number of moles = 1

T = Standard temperature = 273 K

P = Standard pressure = 1 atm = 1.013 x 105Nm-2

Hence,

V = \( \dfrac{ nRT}{P}\)

\( \dfrac{1 \times 8.314 \times 273}{1.013 \times 10^5}\)

= 0.0224 m3

= 22.4 litres

Therefore, the molar volume of a gas at STP is 22.4 litres

Answered by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago

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