The bromine atom possesses 35 electrons. It contains 6 electrons in 2p orbital, 6 electrons in 3p orbital and 5 electrons in 4p orbital. Which of these electron experiences the lowest effective nuclear charge?

Asked by Abhisek | 1 year ago |  165

1 Answer

Solution :-

The nuclear charge that is experienced by electrons (which are present in atoms containing multiple electrons) depends on the distance between its orbital and the nucleus of the atom. The greater the distance, the lower the effective nuclear charge. Among p-orbitals, 4p orbitals are the farthest from the nucleus of the bromine atom with (+35) charge. Hence, the electrons that reside in the 4p orbital are the ones to experience the lowest effective nuclear charge. These electrons are also shielded by electrons that are present in the 2p and 3p orbitals along with the s-orbitals.

Answered by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago

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