The increasing order of reactivity among group 1 elements is Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs whereas that among group 17 elements is F > Cl > Br > I. Explain.

Asked by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago |  55

1 Answer

Solution :-

 For group 1

  • There is only 1 valance electron in the elements of group 1. So, their tendency is to expel this electron in order to achieve a stable inert gas configuration. As we move down in group 1 the ionization enthalpies of the elements decreases. Thus, less energy will be required to expel the valence electron. As a result reactivity of elements increases as we move down in group 1.

For group 17

  • In the elements of group 17, there is a requirement of only 1 electron in order to achieve stable inert gas configuration. So, their tendency is to gain this 1 electron. As we move down in group 17 the ionization enthalpies of the elements increases. Thus, more energy will be required to expel the valence electron. As a result reactivity of elements decreases as we move down in group 17.

Answered by Abhisek | 1 year ago

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