What are allotropes? Sketch the structure of two allotropes of carbon namely diamond and graphite. What is the impact of structure on physical properties of two allotropes?

Asked by Abhisek | 1 year ago |  89

1 Answer

Solution :-

When an element exists in more than one form, with the same chemical characteristics but distinct physical qualities, it is said to be allotropy. Allotropes are the different forms of an element. The classification is given below:

The structure of diamond is given below:

As a result of its rigid 3-D structure, diamond is an extremely hard material. Diamond is one of nature's toughest substances. For abrasive and cutting instruments, it is used. The structure of graphite is given below:

What are allotropes? Sketch the structure of two allotropes of carbon  namely diamond and graphite. What is the impact of structure on physical  properties of two allotropes?

Hybridized carbon sp2 is stacked in layers. Weak Van der waals forces hold these layers together. Layers of graphite may slide over one another, making it supple and slick As a result, it's utilized as a lubricant in machinery.

Answered by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago

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