Suggest a list of the substances where carbon can exhibit oxidation states from –4 to +4 and nitrogen from –3 to +5.

Asked by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago |  93

##### Solution :-

 Substance O.N. of carbon $$CH _2 ​ Cl _2 ​$$ 0 ClC≡CCl +1 HC≡CH –1 CHCl3​, CO +2 CH3​Cl –2 Cl3​C−CCl3 +3 H3​C−CH3​ –3 $$CCl_4​, CO_{ 2 }$$​ +4 CH4​ –4

The substances where nitrogen can exhibit oxidation states from –3 to +5 are listed in the following table.

 Substance O.N. of carbon N2​ 0 N2​O +1 N2​H2​ –1 NO +2 N2​H4​ –2 N2​O3 +3 NH3 –3 NO2 +4 N2​O5 +5

The oxidation number (O.N.) of S in sulphur dioxide SO2  is +4, while the O.N. of S can range from +6 to -2. As a result, SO2 can function as both an oxidising and a reducing agent. The O.N. of O in hydrogen peroxide  H2O2 is -1, and the range of O.N. that O can have is 0 to -2. The oxidation values +1 and +2 are also possible for O. As a result, H2Ocan function as both an oxidizing and a reducing agent. As a result, in this scenario, the O.N. of O can only drop. As a result, O3 serves solely as an oxidant. The O.N. of N in nitric acid HNO3 is +5 , and the range of O.N. that N can have is from +5 to -3. As a result, in this scenario, the O.N. of N can only drop. As a result, HNO, serves solely as an oxidant.

Answered by Abhisek | 1 year ago

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