Describe modifications of stem with suitable examples

Asked by Pragya Singh | 2 years ago |  83

1 Answer

Solution :-

Stems of various plants have undergone modification perform different functions.

Underground stems or storage stems:

Examples: Rhizomes, corms, tubers

In ginger and banana, the underground stem is called a rhizome. The underground stem in Colocasia (arvi) is known as corm. Rhizomes and corms are underground stems, modified for the storage of food. Also these stems help in vegetative propagation of these plants. Potato is a tuber that helps in the storage of food and bears eyes on it. Subtended by a leaf scar, these eyes bear axillary buds that give rise to new plants. Supportive stems Example: tendril

The stem in some weak plants bear thin, slender and spirally – coiled structures called tendrils that help the plant get attached to nearby structures for support. Tendrils are found in cucumbers, melons, and other members of the family cucurbitaceae Protective stems: Example : Thorns

The stem in bougainvillea and citrus plants (like lemon and orange) bear sharp, pointed structures called thorns, which provide protection to the plant from herbivores.
Photosynthetic stems: Example: Opuntia

The stem in the Opuntia is green. It carries out the process of photosynthesis in the absence of leaves.

Others stem modifications:

In some plants, underground stems such as grasses spread in the soil and help in perennation. These stems are called runners. The short lateral stem called the offset in some aquatic plants (such as Eichhornia) bears leaves and tufts of roots at the node and gives rise to new plants

Answered by Abhisek | 2 years ago

Related Questions

Write the floral formula of an actinomorphic bisexual, hypogynous flower with five united sepals, five free petals. Five free stamens and two united carpals with superior ovary and axile placentation.

Class 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants View Answer

Define the term inflorescence. Explain the basis for the different types of inflorescence in flowering plants.

Class 11 Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants View Answer