Characters of Fabaceae
Flower: bisexual, zygomorphic
Calyx: sepals five, gamosepalous; valvate/imbricate aestivation
Corolla: petals five, polypetalous, papilionaceous, consisting of a posterior standard, two lateral wings, two anterior ones forming a keel (enclosing stamens and pistil), vexillary aestivation
Androecium: stamens ten in number, diadelphous, anther dithecous
Gynoecium: ovary superior, monocarpellary, unilocular with many ovules, style single
Fruit: legume; seed: one to many, non-endospermic
Plants of these families are pulses used as fodder and sweet pea.
Ex: Peas, trifolium,
Characters of Solanaceae
underground stem in potato.
Inflorescence: Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Solanum
Flower: bisexual, actinomorphic
Calyx: sepals five, united, persistent, valvate aestivation
Corolla: petals five, united; valvate aestivation
Androecium: stamens five, epipetalous
Gynoecium: bicarpellary obligately placed, syncarpous; ovary superior, bilocular, placenta is swollen with many ovules, axile
Fruits: berry or capsule
Seeds: many, endosperms
Plants belonging to this family are used as food, spices, medicines and ornamentals
Ex: Brinjal, chilli, ashwagandha, petunia
Describe the arrangement of floral members in relation to their insertion on thalamus?
Write the floral formula of an actinomorphic bisexual, hypogynous flower with five united sepals, five free petals. Five free stamens and two united carpals with superior ovary and axile placentation.
Define the term inflorescence. Explain the basis for the different types of inflorescence in flowering plants.
How do the various leaf modification help plants?
What is a flower Describe the parts of a typical angiosperm flower?