What are the characteristics of prokaryotic cells?

Asked by Abhisek | 1 year ago |  83

1 Answer

Solution :-

In prokaryotic terms pro means ‘primitive’ and karyon means ‘nucleus’, which means prokaryotic cells have a very primitive and less defined nucleus. They do not possess any membrane-bound organelles like mitochondria, chloroplast, Golgi body, Endoplasmic reticulum, etc. Examples include archaea and bacteria. Other characteristics of prokaryotic cells are given below:

(1) Most of the prokaryotic cells are unicellular.

(2) The size of a prokaryotic cell varies from 0.5 – 5 μm and is generally small in size.

(3) The nuclear region of a prokaryotic cell is poorly defined and the genetic material is present in the region of the cytoplasm.

(4) In prokaryotic cells, the DNA is found naked which means DNA is not associated with histone proteins.

(5) They have single, circular chromosomes as genetic material. except for the genomic DNA, they also contain circular plasmid DNA.

(6) Mesosomes are the specialized membranous structures that are found in prokaryotic cells. It is formed by the invagination of the cell membrane and these extensions help in the synthesis of the cell wall and replication of DNA.

(7) Prokaryotic cells contain cell walls as an outer covering that gives shape to the cells.

IGCSE Biology Paper-1 Specimen Questions with Answers 149 to 150 -  ExamTestPrep

Answered by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago

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