Distinguish between Aerobic respiration and Anaerobic respiration

Asked by Abhisek | 11 months ago |  106

1 Answer

Solution :-

Aerobic Respiration Anaerobic respiration
It occurs in the presence of oxygen It occurs in the absence of oxygen.
It is a type of respiration in which food
(generally carbohydrates) is completely
oxidized to carbon dioxide and water
with the release of chemical energy
It is a type of respiration in which food
(generally carbohydrates) is partially
oxidized with the release of chemical
energy.
Since the substrate is completely
oxidized, the energy yield of this type of
respiration is more than that of
anaerobic respiration.
Since the substrate is oxidized partially,
the energy yield of this type of
respiration is lower than that of aerobic
respiration.
Complete oxidation of one molecule of
glucose leads to a net gain of 38 ATP
molecules.
Partial oxidation of one molecule of
glucose leads to a net gain of 2 ATP
molecules.
The end product of aerobic respiration is
CO2 and H2O (all higher organisms).
The end product of anaerobic
respiration is lactic acid (animal cells),
ethanol and CO2 (lower organisms like
bacteria and yeast).
Some reactions of aerobic respiration
occur in the cytoplasm (glycolysis) and
the mitochondria (Krebs’ cycle and
ETS).
All reactions of anaerobic respiration
occur in the cytoplasm. There is no
involvement of mitochondria in this
process.
Involves the exchange of gases Does not include the exchange of gases

Answered by Pragya Singh | 11 months ago

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