Indicate whether the following statements are true or false:

1. Micturition is carried out by a reflex.

2. ADH helps in water elimination, making the urine hypotonic.

3. Protein–free fluid is filtered from blood plasma into the Bowman’s capsule. 

4. Henle’s loop plays an important role in concentrating the urine.

5. Glucose is actively reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubule.

Asked by Abhisek | 11 months ago |  58

1 Answer

Solution :-

1. Right answer is True

Explanation:-

Micturition is carried out by neutral mechanisms which cause contraction of smooth muscles and relaxation of the urethral sphincter which is known as micturition reflex .

2. Right answer is False

Explanation:-

ADH release takes place when an excessive fluid loss takes place from the body. This ADH helps in water reabsorption and also prevents diuresis. 

3. Right answer is true

Explanation:-

The blood plasma with proteins passes through the lumen of Bowman's capsule whereas the rest of the plasma without proteins passes through the membrane of Bowman's capsule.

4. Right answer is True

Explanation:-

The important part of the nephron is the Henle's loop as it helps in maintaining the ionic balance of fluid and also in concentrating the urine.

5. Right answer is True

Explanation:-

The proximal convoluted tubule has a large surface area for reabsorption of nutrients, water, and minerals therefore the given statement is True.
 

Answered by Abhisek | 11 months ago

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