In each of the following, determine whether the statement is true or false. If it is true, prove it. If it is false, give an example.

(i) If x ∈ A and A ∈ B, then x ∈ B

(ii) If A ⊂ B and B ∈ C, then A ∈ C

(iii) If A ⊂ B and B ⊂ C, then A ⊂ C

(iv) If A ⊄ B and B ⊄ C, then A ⊄ C

(v) If x ∈ A and A ⊄ B, then x ∈ B

(vi) If A ⊂ B and x ∉ B, then x ∉ A

Asked by Abhisek | 1 year ago |  88

##### Solution :-

Explanation:-

x∈A and A∈B, then x∈B

To determine whether the statement is true

A = {1, 2} and B = {1, {1, 2}, {3}}

Now, we have,

2 ∈ {1, 2} and {1, 2} ∈ {1, {1, 2}, {3}}

Hence, we get,

A ∈ B

We also know,

{2} ∉ {1, {1, 2}, {3}}

Explanation:-

Let us assume that,

A {2}

B = {0, 2}

And, C = {1, {0, 2}, 3}

From the question,

A ⊂ B

Hence,

B ∈ C

But, we know,

A ∉ C

Explanation:-

A ⊂ B and B ⊂ C

Let us assume that,

x ∈ A

Then, we have,

x ∈ B

And,

x ∈ C

Therefore,

A ⊂ C

Explanation:-

A ⊄ B

Also,

B ⊄ C

Let us assume that,

A = {1, 2}

B = {0, 6, 8}

And,

C = {0, 1, 2, 6, 9}

A ⊂ C

Explanation:-

x ∈ A

Also,

A ⊄ B

Let us assume that,

A = {3, 5, 7}

Also,

B = {3, 4, 6}

We know that,

A ⊄ B

5 ∉ B

Explanation:-

A ⊂ B

Also,

x ∉ B

Let us assume that,

x ∈ A,

We have,

x ∈ B,

From the question,

We have, x ∉ B

x ∉ A

Answered by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago

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