We know that,

If n(A) = p and n(B) = q, then n(A × B) = pq.

Also, n(A × A) = n(A) × n(A)

Given,

n(A × A) = 9

So, n(A) × n(A) = 9

Thus, n(A) = 3

Also given that, the ordered pairs (–1, 0) and (0, 1) are two of the nine elements of A × A.

And, we know in A × A = {(a, a): a ∈ A}.

Thus, –1, 0, and 1 has to be the elements of A.

As n(A) = 3, clearly A = {–1, 0, 1}.

Hence, the remaining elements of set A × A are as follows:

(–1, –1), (–1, 1), (0, –1), (0, 0), (1, –1), (1, 0), and (1, 1)

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**(i) **Write R in roster form.

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