In the triangle ABC with vertices A (2, 3), B (4, –1) and C (1, 2), find the equation and length of altitude from the vertex A.

Asked by Abhisek | 1 year ago |  161

##### Solution :- Let AD be the altitude of triangle ABC from vertex A.

So, AD is perpendicular to BC

Given:

Vertices A (2, 3), B (4, –1) and C (1, 2)

Let slope of line BC = m1

m1 = (- 1 – 2)/(4 – 1)

m1 = -1

Let slope of line AD be m2

m1 × m2 = -1

-1 × m2 = -1

m2 = 1

The equation of the line passing through point (2, 3) and having a slope of 1 is

y – 3 = 1 × (x – 2)

y – 3 = x – 2

y – x = 1

Equation of the altitude from vertex A = y – x = 1

Length of AD = Length of the perpendicular from A (2, 3) to BC

Equation of BC is

y + 1 = -1 × (x – 4)

y + 1 = -x + 4

x + y – 3 = 0 …………………(1)

Perpendicular distance (d) of a line Ax + By + C = 0 from a point (x1, y1) is given by

Now compare equation (1) to the general equation of line i.e., Ax + By + C = 0, we get

$$\dfrac{|1\times 2+1\times 3-3|}{\sqrt{1^2+1^2}}$$

$$\dfrac{|2|}{\sqrt{2}}$$ = $$\sqrt{2}$$

[where, A = 1, B = 1 and C = -3]

The equation and the length of the altitude from vertex A are y – x = 1 and $$\sqrt{2}$$ units respectively.

Answered by Pragya Singh | 1 year ago

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