Make two lists: one with the main events and the effects of the February Revolution, and the other with the main events and effects of the October Revolution. Write a paragraph on who was involved in each, who were the leaders and what was the impact of each on Soviet history
Main events of February Revolution:
In February 2017 there was a shortage of food items in workers' quarters.
On Feb 22, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank. The workers in fifty factories called a strike, women played a very critical role in strikes. This day went on to be named International Women’s Day.
On 25th Feb, the Government suspended Duma.
On 27th Feb, Police headquarters were ransacked, people were demonstrating and raising slogans about bread, wages, better hours, and democracy.
Petrograd Soviet was formed.
Tsar abdicated on March 2, Monarchy was formed in Feb 1917.
Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a Provisional Government to run the country.
Effects of February Revolution:
Restrictions on public meetings and associations were removed.
‘Soviets’ like the Petrograd Soviet, were set up everywhere, though no common system of election was followed.
The number of trade unions increased.
In Industrial areas, factory committees were formed to question the way industrialists ran their factories.
Soldiers committees were formed in the Army
Bolsheviks' influence kept growing and the provisional government saw its power reducing.
Land committees were formed to handle the redistribution of land, which was a popular demand for peasants and their socialist revolutionary leaders in the countryside.
Main events of the October Revolution:
As the conflict between the provisional government and the Bolsheviks grew, Lenin feared the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship. Lenin began discussions for an uprising against the Government. Bolshevik supporters in the Army, Soviets, and factories were brought together. On 16th October 1917, Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviets and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power. A military revolutionary committee was appointed by the Soviets under Leon Trotsky to organize the seizure. The uprising began on 24th October 1917. Military men loyal to the Government seized the buildings of two Bolshevik newspapers. Pro-Government troops were sent to take over telephone and telegraph offices and protect the Winter Palace. In retaliation response the Military Revolutionary Committee ordered its supporters to seize Government offices and arrest ministers. A ship named Aurora bombed the Winter Palace, other ships sailed down the Neva and took over various Military positions. By the end of the end, the city was under the control of the Committee and ministers had resigned. By December, Bolsheviks controlled the Moscow-Petrograd area.
Effects of October Revolution.
Industries and banks were nationalized by November 1917, Government took over ownership and management.
The land was declared social property and peasants were allowed to seize the land of the nobility.
In the cities, Bolsheviks enforced the partition of large houses according to family requirements.
Old titles of the aristocracy were banned.
New uniforms were designed for the army and officials.
Bolshevik Party was renamed the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik)
Bolsheviks conducted elections to the constituent assembly, however, they failed to attain the majority, Assembly rejected the Bolshevik measures and Lenin dismissed the assembly.
All Russian Congress of Soviets became Parliament of the country. Russia became a one-party state.
Trade unions were kept under party control, the Secret Police punished anyone who criticized the Bolsheviks. Many young artists and writers continued to support the Party as it stood for Socialism.
Many experiments were done in Arts and Architecture, but many were unhappy because of the censorship.Answered by Vishal kumar | 1 year ago