What are the similarities between colonial management of the forests in Bastar and in Java?

Asked by Shivani Kumari | 2 years ago |  357

1 Answer

Solution :-

Forest management of Bastar in India was under the control of the British, while in Java, it was under Dutch management

(I) Just like the British, the Dutch required timber to make sleepers for railway tracks.

(II) The British and Dutch colonial authorities enacted their own version of the forest laws that gave them total control over the forests and depriving the customary rights of the forest dwellers.

(III) Both the Dutch and the British put a ban on shifting cultivation on the grounds that they were dangerous to the existence of forests

(IV) The villagers of Bastar were allowed to stay in the forests on the condition that they provide free labour to the forest department. While in Java, the Dutch exempted those villages from paying taxes when they provided free labour to the forest department

Answered by Vishal kumar | 2 years ago

Related Questions

Between 1880 and 1920 forests cover in the Indian subcontinent declined by 9.7 million hectares, from 108.6 million hectares to 98.9 million hectares. Discuss the role of the following factors in this decline:

 Railways

 Shipbuilding

 Agricultural expansion

 Commercial farming

 Tea/Coffee plantations

 Adivasis and other peasants users

Class 9 Social Science Forest Society and Colonialism View Answer

Discuss how the changes in forest management in the colonial period affected the following groups of people:

Shifting cultivators

Nomadic and pastoralist communities

 Firms trading in timber/forest produce

 Plantation owners

 Kings/British officials engaged in Shikhar (hunting)

Class 9 Social Science Forest Society and Colonialism View Answer