How will you separate a mixture containing kerosene and petrol (difference in their boiling points is more than 25°C), which are miscible with each other?

Asked by Vishal kumar | 1 year ago |  248

1 Answer

Solution :-

A technique known as simple distillation can be used to separate the mixture of miscible liquids, where the difference in boiling point is more than 25°C, to name a few - kerosene and petrol. The whole concept is established on the volatility property of substances.

The following are the various steps in the process of simple distillation:

(a) In a distillation flask, take the mixture.

(b) Treat the mixture with heat while a thermometer is affix.

(c) We observe evaporation of petrol as it has a low boiling point.

(d) As the vapours advance towards the condenser, a dip in the temperature causes condensation of the vapours into liquid which can be accumulated in a flask.

(e) We notice that kerosene tends to remain in the flask in a liquid state due to comparatively higher boiling point.

(f) Consequently, the liquids are separated.

Answered by Vishal kumar | 1 year ago

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