**(i) **Given f: A → A, given by f (x) =\( \dfrac{ x}{2}\)

Now we have to show that the given function is one-one and on-to

Injection test:

Let x and y be any two elements in the domain (A), such that f(x) = f(y).

f(x) = f(y)

\( \dfrac{ x}{2}= \dfrac{ y}{2}\)

x = y

So, f is one-one.

Surjection test:

Let y be any element in the co-domain (A), such that f(x) = y for some element x in A (domain)

f(x) = y

\( \dfrac{ x}{2}=y\)

x = 2y, which may not be in A.

For example, if y = 1, then

x = 2, which is not in A.

So, f is not onto.

So, f is not bijective.

**(ii)** Given g: A → A, given by g (x) = |x|

Now we have to show that the given function is one-one and on-to

Injection test:

Let x and y be any two elements in the domain (A), such that f(x) = f(y).

g(x) = g(y)

|x| = |y|

x = ± y

So, f is not one-one.

Surjection test:

For y = -1, there is no value of x in A.

So, g is not onto.

So, g is not bijective.

**(iii)** Given h: A → A, given by h (x) = x^{2}

Now we have to show that the given function is one-one and on-to

Injection test:

Let x and y be any two elements in the domain (A), such that h(x) = h(y).

h(x) = h(y)

x^{2} = y^{2}

x = ±y

So, f is not one-one.

Surjection test:

For y = – 1, there is no value of x in A.

So, h is not onto.

So, h is not bijective.

Answered by Aaryan | 2 years agoLet A be the set of first five natural and let R be a relation on A defined as follows: (x, y) R x ≤ y

Express R and R^{-1} as sets of ordered pairs. Determine also

**(i) **the domain of R^{‑1}

**(ii)** The Range of R.

A function f: R → R is defined as f(x) = x^{3} + 4. Is it a bijection or not? In case it is a bijection, find f^{−1} (3).

If f: R → R be defined by f(x) = x^{3} −3, then prove that f^{−1} exists and find a formula for f^{−1}. Hence, find f^{−1 }(24) and f^{−1} (5).

Consider f: R^{+} → [−5, ∞) given by f(x) = 9x^{2} + 6x − 5. Show that f is invertible with f^{-1}(x) = \(
\dfrac{\sqrt{(x+6)-1}}{3}\)

If f(x) = \(\dfrac{ (4x + 3)}{(6x – 4)}\), x ≠ (\( \dfrac{2}{3}\)) show that fof(x) = x, for all x ≠ (\( \dfrac{2}{3}\)). What is the inverse of f?