**(i) **Let f = {(x, y): x is a person, y is the mother of x}

As, for each element x in domain set, there is a unique related element y in co-domain set.

So, f is the function.

Injection test:

As, y can be mother of two or more persons

So, f is not injective.

Surjection test:

For every mother y defined by (x, y), there exists a person x for whom y is mother.

So, f is surjective.

Therefore, f is surjective function.

**(ii)** Let g = {(a, b): a is a person, b is an ancestor of a}

Since, the ordered map (a, b) does not map ‘a’ – a person to a living person.

So, g is not a function.

Answered by Aaryan | 1 year agoLet A be the set of first five natural and let R be a relation on A defined as follows: (x, y) R x ≤ y

Express R and R^{-1} as sets of ordered pairs. Determine also

**(i) **the domain of R^{‑1}

**(ii)** The Range of R.

A function f: R → R is defined as f(x) = x^{3} + 4. Is it a bijection or not? In case it is a bijection, find f^{−1} (3).

If f: R → R be defined by f(x) = x^{3} −3, then prove that f^{−1} exists and find a formula for f^{−1}. Hence, find f^{−1 }(24) and f^{−1} (5).

Consider f: R^{+} → [−5, ∞) given by f(x) = 9x^{2} + 6x − 5. Show that f is invertible with f^{-1}(x) = \(
\dfrac{\sqrt{(x+6)-1}}{3}\)

If f(x) = \(\dfrac{ (4x + 3)}{(6x – 4)}\), x ≠ (\( \dfrac{2}{3}\)) show that fof(x) = x, for all x ≠ (\( \dfrac{2}{3}\)). What is the inverse of f?