To maintain his health a person must fulfil certain minimum daily requirements for several kinds of nutrients. Assuming that there are only three kinds of nutrients-calcium, protein and calories and the person's diet consists of only two food items, I and II, whose price and nutrient contents are shown in the table below:
|Minimum daily requirement
for the nutrient
What combination of two food items will satisfy the daily requirement and entail the least cost? Formulate this as a LPP.
Let the person takes x lbs and y lbs of food I and II respectively that were taken in the diet.
Since, per lb of food I costs Rs 60 and that of food II costs Rs 100.
Therefore, x lbs of food I costs Rs 60x and y lbs of food II costs Rs 100y.
Total cost per day = Rs (60x + 100y)
Let Z denote the total cost per day
Then, Z = 60x + 100y
Total amount of calcium in the diet is 10x+5y
Since, each lb of food I contains 10 units of calcium.Therefore, x lbs of food I contains 10x units of calcium.
Each lb of food II contains 5 units of calciu.So,y lbs of food II contains 5y units of calcium.
Thus, x lbs of food I and y lbs of food II contains 10x + 5y units of calcium.
But, the minimum requirement is 20 lbs of calcium.
Since, each lb of food I contains 5 units of protein.Therefore, x lbs of food I contains 5x units of protein.
Each lb of food II contains 4 units of protein.So,y lbs of food II contains 4y units of protein.
Thus, x lbs of food I and y lbs of food II contains 5x + 4y units of protein.
But, the minimum requirement is 20 lbs of protein.
5x+4y ≥ 20
Since, each lb of food I contains 2 units of calories.Therefore, x lbs of food I contains 2x units of calories.
Each lb of food II contains units of calories.So,y lbs of food II contains 6y units of calories.
Thus, x lbs of food I and y lbs of food II contains 2x + 6y units of calories.
But, the minimum requirement is 13 lbs of calories.
Finally, the quantities of food I and food II are non negative values.
So, x, y ≥ 0x, y ≥ 0
Hence, the required LPP is as follows:
Min Z = 60x + 100y
x, y≥0Answered by Aaryan | 1 year ago
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