**(i) **p: If x and y are odd integers, then x + y is an even integer.

Let us assume that ‘p’ and ‘q’ be the statements given by

p: x and y are odd integers.

q: x + y is an even integer

the given statement can be written as :

if p, then q.

Let p be true. Then, x and y are odd integers

x = 2m+1, y = 2n+1 for some integers m, n

x + y = (2m+1) + (2n+1)

x + y = (2m+2n+2)

x + y = 2(m+n+1)

x + y is an integer

q is true.

So, p is true and q is true.

Hence, “if p, then q “is a true statement.”

**(ii) **q: if x, y are integer such that xy is even, then at least one of x and y is an even integer.

Let us assume that p and q be the statements given by

p: x and y are integers and xy is an even integer.

q: At least one of x and y is even.

Let p be true, and then xy is an even integer.

So,

xy = 2(n + 1)

Now,

Let x = 2(k + 1)

Since, x is an even integer, xy = 2(k + 1). y is also an even integer.

Now take x = 2(k + 1) and y = 2(m + 1)

xy = 2(k + 1).2(m + 1) = 2.2(k + 1)(m + 1)

So, it is also true.

Answered by Sakshi | 2 years agoDetermine whether the argument used to check the validity of the following statement is correct: p: “If x^{2} is irrational, then x is rational.” The statement is true because the number x^{2} = π^{2} is irrational, therefore x = π is irrational.

Which of the following statements are true and which are false? In each case give a valid reason for saying so

**(i)** p: Each radius of a circle is a chord of the circle.

**(ii) **q: The centre of a circle bisect each chord of the circle.

**(iii)** r: Circle is a particular case of an ellipse.

**(iv)** s: If x and y are integers such that x > y, then – x < – y.

**(v)** t: \( \sqrt{11}\) is a rational number.

By giving a counter example, show that the following statement is not true. p: “If all the angles of a triangle are equal, then the triangle is an obtuse angled triangle.”

Show that the following statement is true “The integer n is even if and only if n^{2} is even”

Show that the following statement is true by the method of the contrapositive p: “If x is an integer and x^{2} is odd, then x is also odd.”