**(i)** Direct Method:

Let us assume that ‘q’ and ‘r’ be the statements given by

q: x is a real number such that x^{3 }+ x=0.

r: x is 0.

The given statement can be written as:

if q, then r.

Let q be true. Then, x is a real number such that x^{3 }+ x = 0

x is a real number such that x(x^{2 }+ 1) = 0

x = 0

r is true

Thus, q is true

Therefore, q is true and r is true.

Hence, p is true.

**(ii)** Method of Contrapositive:

Let r be false. Then,

R is not true

x ≠ 0, x∈R

x(x^{2}+1)≠0, x∈R

q is not true

Thus, -r = -q

Hence, p : q and r is true

**(iii)** Method of Contradiction:

If possible, let p be false. Then,

P is not true

-p is true

-p (p => r) is true

q and –r is true

x is a real number such that x^{3}+x = 0and x≠ 0

x =0 and x≠0

This is a contradiction.

Hence, p is true.

Answered by Sakshi | 2 years agoDetermine whether the argument used to check the validity of the following statement is correct: p: “If x^{2} is irrational, then x is rational.” The statement is true because the number x^{2} = π^{2} is irrational, therefore x = π is irrational.

Which of the following statements are true and which are false? In each case give a valid reason for saying so

**(i)** p: Each radius of a circle is a chord of the circle.

**(ii) **q: The centre of a circle bisect each chord of the circle.

**(iii)** r: Circle is a particular case of an ellipse.

**(iv)** s: If x and y are integers such that x > y, then – x < – y.

**(v)** t: \( \sqrt{11}\) is a rational number.

By giving a counter example, show that the following statement is not true. p: “If all the angles of a triangle are equal, then the triangle is an obtuse angled triangle.”

Show that the following statement is true “The integer n is even if and only if n^{2} is even”

Show that the following statement is true by the method of the contrapositive p: “If x is an integer and x^{2} is odd, then x is also odd.”