Illustrate the law of conservation of energy by discussing the energy changes
which occur when we draw a pendulum bob to one side and allow it to oscillate. Why
does the bob eventually come to rest? What happens to its energy eventually? Is it a
violation of the law of conservation of energy?

Asked by Vishal kumar | 2 years ago |  407

##### Solution :-

Consider the case of oscillation pendulum.

When an apparatus moves from its mean position P to either of its extreme positions A or B, it rises through a height h on top of the mean level P. At this time, the K.E. of the bob changes fully into P.E. The K.E. becomes zero, and also the bob possesses solely P.E. Because it moves towards purpose P, its P.E. decreases increasingly. Consequently, the K.E. will increase. Because the bob reaches purpose P, its P.E. becomes zero and also the bob possesses solely K.E. This method is perennial as long because the apparatus oscillates.

The bob doesn't oscillate forever. It involves rest as a result of air resistance resists its motion. The apparatus loses its K.E. to beat this friction and stops once a while. The law of conservation of energy isn't desecrated as a result of the energy lost by the apparatus to beat friction is gained by its surroundings. Hence, the overall energy of the apparatus and also the encompassing system stay preserved.

Answered by Shivani Kumari | 2 years ago

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