How are the alveoli designed to maximize the exchange of gases?

Asked by Shivani Kumari | 1 year ago |  384

1 Answer

Solution :-

  • The lung is an important part of the body. The passage inside the lungs divides into smaller and smaller tubes, which finally terminate in balloon-like structures, called alveoli.
  • The alveoli provide a surface where the exchange of gases can take place. The walls of the alveoli usually contain an extensive network of blood vessels. We know that, when we breathe in, we lift our ribs, flatten our diaphragm, and the chest cavity becomes larger.
  • Because of this action, the air is sucked into the lungs and fills the expanded alveoli.
  • The blood brings the essential carbon dioxide from the rest of the body and supplies it to the alveoli; the oxygen in the alveolar air is taken up by the blood in the alveolar blood vessels to be transported to all other cells of the body. During the normal breathing cycle, when air is taken in and let out, the lungs always contain a residual volume of air so that there is sufficient time for oxygen to be absorbed and carbon dioxide to be released.

1 year ago

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